Criminal law is distinct from the public law
Criminal law is the body of law that deals with crime and the legal punishment of offenders.
In some jurisdictions, criminal law may be divided into two categories: substantive criminal law and procedural criminal law. Substantive criminal law deals with the definition of crimes and punishments. Procedural criminal law deals with the process by which crimes are prosecuted.
Criminal law varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. In some countries, it is primarily codified in a penal code, while in others, it relies heavily on case law. It also varies between common law and civil law systems.
Sources of SoCal criminal law include legislation, judicial decisions, and scholarly writings. Legislation can be codified in a penal code or found in other sources, such as statutory instruments. Judicial decisions are typically reported in law reports. Scholarly writings are generally published in academic journals.
Which deals with the state and its organs, and private law, which deals with relationships between individuals.
Criminal law can be classified according to the severity of punishment.
Felonies are the most severe type of criminal offense. In most jurisdictions, a felony is punishable by imprisonment for more than one year.
Misdemeanors are less serious offenses. They are typically punishable by imprisonment for less than one year or a fine.
Infractions are the least serious type of criminal offense. They are typically punishable by a fine and do not result in any jail time.
Summary offenses are offenses that can be dealt with by a summary conviction. In most jurisdictions, a summary conviction is punishable by a fine or imprisonment for less than six months. Summary convictions are typically reserved for minor offenses.
Criminal law can also be classified according to the type of offense.
Violent crimes include crimes like murder, rape, and robbery. These crimes typically involve physical violence or the threat of violence.
Property crimes include crimes like burglary, theft, and vandalism. These crimes typically involve damaging or stealing property.
White-collar crimes are nonviolent Crimes that business professionals commit during their work. Examples of white-collar crimes include embezzlement, fraud, and insider trading.
Cybercrimes are crimes that are committed using the internet or other computer networks. Examples of cyber crimes include identity theft, hacking, and cyberstalking.
Organized crime is a type of crime that groups or organizations commit. Organized crime includes activities like drug trafficking, money laundering, and racketeering.